Cosmology as Science? From Inflation to Eternity

Lawrence Krauss, Arizona State University

The last decade or two have represented the golden age of observational cosmology, producing a revolution in our picture of the Universe on its largest scales, and perhaps also its smallest ones. I will argue that these recent developments bring to the forefront some vexing questions about whether various fundamental assumptions about the universe are in fact falsifiable. I will focus on three issues: (1) “Proving” Inflation, (2) Dark Energy and Anthropic Arguments, and (3) Cosmology of the far future.